bound1 [baund]
the past tense and past participle of ↑bind
bound 2
bound2 W3S2 adj [no comparative]
4¦(travelling towards)¦
6 be bound up in something
7 be bound up with something
8 snow-bound/strike-bound/tradition-bound etc
10 I'll be bound
11 bound and determined
[Sense: 1-3, 5-11; Date: 1300-1400; Origin: From the past participle of BIND1]
[Sense: 4; Date: 1500-1600; : Old Norse; Origin: buinn, past participle of bua 'to live in a place, prepare'; probably influenced by the past participle bound]
1.) ¦(LIKELY)¦
be bound to
to be very likely to do or feel a particular thing
Don't lie to her. She's bound to find out about it.
it is bound to be
(=used to say that something should have been expected)
'It's hot!' 'Well, it was bound to be, I just took it out of the oven.'
When you are dealing with so many patients, mistakes are bound to happen .
be bound (by sth)
to be forced to do what a law or agreement says you must do
bound (by sth) to do sth
The Foundation is bound by the treaty to help any nation that requests aid.
You are legally bound to report the accident.
3.) ¦(DUTY)¦
be/feel bound to do sth
to feel that you ought to do something, because it is morally right or your duty to do it
Ian felt bound to tell Joanna the truth.
Well I'm bound to say (=I feel I ought to say) , I think you're taking a huge risk.
be duty bound/honour bound to do sth
A son is duty bound to look after his mother.
bound for London/Mexico etc also London-bound/Mexico-bound etc
travelling towards a particular place or in a particular direction
a plane bound for Somalia
We tried to get seats on a Rome-bound flight.
homeward-bound (=travelling towards home) commuters
All eastbound trains have been cancelled due to faulty signals.
be bound (together) by sth
if two people or groups are bound together by something, they share a particular experience or situation which causes them to have a relationship
The two nations were bound together by a common history.
6.) be bound up in sth
to be very involved in something, so that you cannot think about anything else
He was too bound up in his own problems to listen to any of mine.
7.) be bound up with sth
to be very closely connected with a particular problem or situation
Mark's problems are all bound up with his mother's death when he was ten.
The people of Transkei began to realize that their future was inseparably bound up with that of South Africa.
8.) snow-bound/strike-bound/tradition-bound etc
controlled or limited by something, so that you cannot do what you want or what other people want you to
a fog-bound airport
people who are wheelchair-bound
a desk-bound sergeant (=having to work in an office, instead of doing a more active job)
9.) a bound book is covered on the outside with paper, leather etc
→↑bind bound in
a Bible bound in Moroccan leather
a leather-bound volume of Shakespeare's plays
10.) I'll be bound
old-fashioned used when you are very sure that what you have just said is true
He had good reasons for doing that, I'll be bound.
11.) bound and determined
AmE very determined to do or achieve something, especially something difficult
Klein is bound and determined to win at least five races this year.
bound 3
bound3 v
[Sense: 1; Date: 1500-1600; : Old French; Origin: bondir, from Vulgar Latin bombitire 'to hum', from Latin bombus; BOMB1]
[Sense: 2; Date: 1500-1600; Origin: BOUND41]
1.) [I always + adverb/preposition]
to run with a lot of energy, because you are happy, excited, or frightened
bound up/towards/across etc
Suddenly a huge dog came bounding towards me.
2.) be bounded by sth
if a country or area of land is bounded by something such as a wall, river etc, it has the wall etc at its edge
a yard bounded by a wooden fence
The US is bounded in the north by Canada and in the south by Mexico.
bound 4
bound4 n
[Sense: 1-2, 4-5; Date: 1300-1400; : Old French; Origin: bodne, from Medieval Latin bodina]
[Sense: 3, 6; Date: 1500-1600; : Old French; Origin: bond, from bondir; BOUND32]
1.) bounds [plural]
a) the limits of what is possible or acceptable
within the bounds of sth
We are here to make sure that the police operate within the bounds of the law.
be/go beyond the bounds of credibility/reason/decency etc
The humor in the movie sometimes goes beyond the bounds of good taste.
be within/beyond the bounds of possibility
(=be possible/not possible)
It was not beyond the bounds of possibility that they could meet again.
b) old-fashioned the edges of a town, city etc
2.) out of bounds
if a place is out of bounds, you are not allowed to go there
American Equivalent: off-limitsout of bounds to/for
The path by the railway line is officially out of bounds to both cyclists and walkers.
3.) by leaps and bounds/in leaps and bounds
BrE if someone or something increases, develops etc by leaps and bounds, they increase etc very quickly
Julie's reading is improving in leaps and bounds.
4.) know no bounds
formal if someone's honesty, kindness etc knows no bounds, they are extremely honest etc
5.) in bounds/out of bounds
inside or outside the legal playing area in a sport such as American football or ↑basketball
a long or high jump made with a lot of energy

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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